Corregio (Antonio Allegri) was an Italian painter active during the High Renaissance. He is often considered the most prominent artist of the Parma schools of painting during this period. The artist was responsible for creating some of the most pictures of the 16th century, clearly noticeable in pieces such as Jupiter and Io, Giove e Io, Leda with the Swan, and The Education of Cupid. Aside from his mostly religious artwork, Correggio also executed several mythological scenes.
Antonio Allegri da Correggio was born in August 1489 in Correggio, Italy. Little is known about Correggio's early training and life besides that his father was a merchant. Although, it is often believed that his initial training came from his uncle, the painter Lorenzo Allegri.
His first documented formal training dates from 1503 to 1505, under Francesco Bianchi Ferrara in Modena, where Correggio probably came in contact with the classicism of artists such as Francesco Francia and Lorenzo Costa, whose influences can be noticed in Correggio's early works.
Correggio returned to his hometown in 1506, where he stayed for four years and when he was assigned the Adoration of the Child with St. Elizabeth and John, which clearly shows influences from Costa and Andrea Mantegna.
By 1516, Correggio went to Parma, where he mostly stayed for the remainder of his career. There, he also befriended the prominent Mannerist painter Michelangelo Anselmi. Correggio married to Francesca di Braghetis in 1519. She passed away ten years later. One of their sons, Pomponio Allegri, also became a painter, however, with little to no critical or public distinguishment.
Between 1520 and 1521, Correggio executed one of his most celebrated works, the Vision of St. John in Patmos, a striking illusionistic painting at the dome of the San Giovanni Evangelista church. Three years later, he produced another fresco using the same down to up perspective, now at the dome of the Cathedral of Parma, the Assumption of the Virgin.
During his later years, the artist returned to Correggio. Passing relatively early, Antonio Allegri da Correggio died suddenly March 1534, in his hometown.