Giovanni Battista Tiepolo was an Italian printmaker and painter from the Rococo. He is considered one of the traditional Old Masters of his time, along with names such as Canaletto, Giuseppe Maria Crespi, and Giovani Battista Piazzetta.
Giovanni Battista Tiepolo, also known as Gianbattista Tiepolo, was born in March 1869, in Venice, Italy. The youngest of six children, Giovanni, had a noble godfather, as well as some of his siblings, though his family was not wealthy. His father died a year after Giovanni`s birth, leaving his mother to raise him and his siblings on her own, presumably under challenging circumstances. By eleven years old, Tiepolo became Gregorio Lazzarini`s apprentice, but was also heavily influenced by other contemporary artists like Giovanni Battista Piazzetta and Sebastiano Ricci, as well as his predecessors, mainly Veronese and Tintoretto.
It is known that Tiepolo quickly developed his unique style, growing apart from Lazzarini`s manner. His earliest known artworks are dated from around 1869, the same year he became Doge Giovanni II Cornaro`s painter. The following years Tiepolo probably left Lazzarini`s studio since he became a member of the painters guild. Soon, the artist married Maria Cecilia Guardi, a noblewoman sister of fellow painters Giovanni Antonio Guardi and Francesco Lazzaro Guardi.
Between 1726 and 1750, he would receive many commissions for frescoes and canvas paintings. The way he used luminosity and color palette was very innovative amongst Venetian standards and helped establish Tiepolo`s reputation and raise his number of commissions. In 1750 he traveled to Wurzburg upon Prince Bishop Karl Philip von Greiffenklau`s summoning, to execute frescoes decoration on New Residenz, or the Wurzburg Residence, this period took about three years.
Tiepolo would return to Venice in 1753 since he was in high demand both locally and abroad since he was elected as Academy of Padua`s President. He completed many commissions to paint frescoes on church walls and ceilings, as well as private patricians villas.
Tiepolo soon went to Sapin, in 1761, since King Charles III of Spain commissioned the artist to execute a ceiling fresco at the Royal Palace of Madrid. During this period, he also painted other two ceilings of the palace, as well as several commissions. However, his popularity gradually became overshadowed by the rising of Anton Raphael Mengs, the Neoclassical “champion.”