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Important Notes About Your Painting:
If you have any request to alter your reproduction of Medicine (Hygieia), you must email us after placing your order and we'll have an artist contact you. If you have another image of Medicine (Hygieia) that you would like the artist to work from, please include it as an attachment. Otherwise, we will reproduce the above image for you exactly as it is.
When commissioned by the government to decorate the ceiling of the great hall of the University of Vienna, Klimt presented a series of three paintings, the second of which, Hygieia incited critical scorn as a dangerous and subversive depiction of woman as a sexualized goddess of health and hygiene. With the inscrutable glare of Munch’s Madonna, Hygieia is depicted by Klimt as an ominous and commandingly sensual being. According to the Greek myth Hygieia was the goddess of cleanliness and sanitation, another figure in the ancient line of women as symbols of motherly care. Klimt, instead, depicts her facing the viewer with scorn, looking down on their ailments, and encompassing a number of other women and protecting them in her headdress. These more vulnerable women further assert the medicine woman’s power, as she towers over them as both a dominant, threatening force, and a godly returner of life.
Unfortunately, the figure of Hygieia is merely a detail from a much larger painting, Medicine destroyed during WWII, by the Nazi SS who were unsurprisingly opposed to Klimt’s frank and confident depiction of a dominant woman. Considering the University of Vienna’s refusal to accept the work, Klimt’s often-criticized obsession with the female form clearly provoked questions deemed too challenging for public consumption. Certainly, the artist’s decision to depict Hygieia not as a kindly nurse but a symbolist icon drenched in art nouveau finery reveals a great deal about his own ideas of what constitutes healing or medicinal qualities. Her warmth and beauty juxtaposed against elegant and stylized patterns of burnt gold and copper speak not of a bed-side manner for a patient but for a lover. Perhaps, for the early-twentieth century audience, Hygieia, spoke not only of the healing qualities of medicine and hygiene, but also the emergence of the mental health being written about by another prominent Viennese, Sigmund Freud.
Free shipping is included in the price of the painting. Once the painting is ready and dry enough to ship, we will roll it and ship it in a sturdy cardboard tube.
We always ship express via courier to ensure your order reaches you as soon as possible - normally within three business days. The total delivery time from the moment you place your order until the package is delivered to your door is normally between three to four weeks.
If, in the unlikely event you were dissatisfied with the painting after reviewing it in person, it can be returned for a full refund for up to 365 days after delivery.
When you receive the painting; you are free to return it for more revisions or else for a full refund minus our actual shipping cost -- which is, on average, $25 per painting.
1st Art Gallery provides a full warranty covering manufacturing and material defects for paintings purchased from our website. The warranty covers damage for normal use. Damage caused by incidents such as accidents or inappropriate use are not covered.
Depending on the degree of damage to the warranted painting, it will either be repaired or replaced. This warranty service is provided free of charge.