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Painted between 1880 and 1898, Ilya Repin's audacious Realist canvas The Zaporozhye Cossacks writing a letter to the Turkish Sultan, 1890-91 is an imagined reproduction of a historical tableau in which a profane and defiant letter is sent by the proud Cossacks to the invading Turkish forces, particularly Sultan Mehmed IV. Celebrating the strength and humour of these cartoonish individuals Repin reflects the thoughts and themes of everyday conversation, capturing the defiant atmosphere of his nineteenth century audience battling through life under the brutal Tsar. Having planned this dramatic narrative in paint during his journeys through his country as a young man, Repin based the various personalities to be found within the frame on characters he had found in the almost-mythic Russian countryside. A triumph of epic Realist painting, by the time Repin began The Zaporozhye Cossacks writing a letter to the Turkish Sultan, 1890-91 he was a leading member of the Peredvizhniki movement (the Wanderers or Itinerants in English), who were fervently rejecting sentimentality of the Russian Academic school of painting. With the hope of making painting more accessible to the exploited peasant classes, the Peredvizhniki sewed the seeds of a radical artistic cooperative movement that would take shape in the revolutions of 1905 and 1917.
Based on a historical, perhaps legendary, communication sent in 1676, Repin imagines the scene around the dictation of a letter sent by the Cossacks of the Zaporozhian Host to the Ottoman Sultan in response to a brief note demanding their submission to Turkish rule. Replying with caustic and undiplomatic aplomb these residents of the Dnieper composed a response littered with profanity and hilarious insults. Repin's aim was to capture the spirit of these men; each attempting to improve on each other's vulgarities. The effect is one of fraternity, community, and cohesion against a mocked enemy.
Real Oil Paints, Real Brushes, Real Artists, Real Art. The Certificate of Authenticity which arrives with every painting provides an assurance and verifies the authenticity of the hand painted fine art reproduction you purchased. Each oil painting is created by hand using only the finest canvas and oil paints available.
Important Notes About Your Painting:
If you have any request to alter your reproduction of The Zaporozhye Cossacks writing a letter to the Turkish Sultan, 1890-91, you must email us after placing your order and we'll have an artist contact you. If you have another image of The Zaporozhye Cossacks writing a letter to the Turkish Sultan, 1890-91 that you would like the artist to work from, please include it as an attachment. Otherwise, we will reproduce the above image for you exactly as it is.
Free shipping is included in the price of the painting. Once the painting is ready and dry enough to ship, we will roll it and ship it in a sturdy cardboard tube.
We always ship express via courier to ensure your order reaches you as soon as possible - normally within three business days. The total delivery time from the moment you place your order until the package is delivered to your door is normally between three to four weeks.
If, in the unlikely event you were dissatisfied with the painting after reviewing it in person, it can be returned for a full refund for up to 365 days after delivery.
When you receive the painting; you are free to return it for more revisions or else for a full refund minus our actual shipping cost -- which is, on average, $25 per painting.
1st Art Gallery provides a full warranty covering manufacturing and material defects for paintings purchased from our website. The warranty covers damage for normal use. Damage caused by incidents such as accidents or inappropriate use are not covered.
Depending on the degree of damage to the warranted painting, it will either be repaired or replaced. This warranty service is provided free of charge.
When purchasing a painting on its own, it will arrive rolled inside a secure tube with an extra 1.5" of white canvas on all sides so you can easily frame it in any local frame shop.
You may choose to purchase your painting framed, in which case, it will arrive "ready to hang". We offer more than 20 beautiful models, all hand finished and expertly assembled by our experienced framers.
Note that for safety reasons we can only frame up to a certain size. Once the maximum size is reached the framing option is automatically disabled.
If you are planning to frame your painting yourself,
use an existing frame, or frame it locally, you may choose to order your painting with a stretching service,
meaning that it will arrive mounted on wooden bars.
If you're considering not framing your painting at all, you may opt for a Gallery Wrap. The term Gallery Wrap refers to the way the canvas is stretched, which is by wrapping it around thick stretcher bars, about 1.5 inch thick, with the canvas being secured to the back rather than the sides of those bars.
All orders ship with UPS, FedEx or DHL and will arrive directly to your home or office. A tracking number will be emailed to you as soon as the order leaves our studio so you can track it online. All orders ship express and usually arrive within 4-5 days from the shipping date. Due to shipping restraints, many of our framed, stretched, and oversize paintings may take 6-21 days for arrival depending on the safest route determined by the postal service.