Jacopo d’Antonio Negretti, also known as Palma Giovane (Young Palma), was an Italian painter from the High Renaissance who became one of the leading artists in Venice and a pivotal figure of the Venetian School of painting.
Jacopo d’Antonio Negretti was born in Venice circa 1548/50, into a family of painters. He was the son of Antonio Nigreti, a minor painter, and the great-nephew of the Renaissance painter Palma Vecchio, meaning “Old Palma”. Despite growing up surrounded by artists, Palma was primarily self-taught, developing his style by copying Titian’s artworks.
In 1567, Guidobaldo II della Rovere, the Duke of Urbino, recognized Palma’s artistic prowess, supporting the artist for four years, and sent him to Rome. Upon his return to Venice, Palma would display the influence of his time in Rome, mainly the models and the Mannerist way of Tintoretto.
Some scholars state that the artist probably found a position in Titian’s workshop. When the distinguished died, Palma would step in to finish Titian’s last artworks, the Pieta, in the Gallerie dell’Accademia in Venice. Palma’s earliest significant public commission arrive din 1577, following the great fire at the Doge’s Palace. Soon, The artist used on his artworks inspirations from Titian and his figure postures, and Titian’s emphasis on light, thick surfaces, and loose brushstrokes.
Palma worked along with Tintoretto and Paolo Veronese on the decoration of the Doge’s Palace. During this period, the artist would thoroughly learn the Venetian tradition. Thereafter, Palma worked on many series of canvases for Venetian schools and sacred buildings, such as the San Giacomo dall’ Orio, the Gesuiti, the Oratorio dei Crociferi, and the Scuola di San Giovanni Evangelista. Due to the smart way Palma quoted from Tintoretto, these artworks are often regarded as Palma’s best works.
Towards his late-career, Palma began to organize a large studio of his own. His studio produced many repetitive series of allegorical and religious artworks that would spread throughout Venice. Following the death of Tintoretto in 1594, Palma remained as one of the foremost artists in Venice.